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J Acupunct Res > Volume 38(1); 2021 > Article
Published online February 22, 2021.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.13045/jar.2020.00374   
Clinical Research Using Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix-Pharmacopuncture for Lumbar Herniated Intervertebral Disc: Analysis of Trends
Seon Woo Kim1  , Cheol Woo Park1  , Myeong Jae Jo2  , Min Wook Kim3  , Jae Hee Yu4  , Jeon Seok Hee4  , Seung Won Jang5  , Do Young Kang6  , Hyun Jin Jeong7 
1Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Medicine, Gwang-ju Jaseng Hospital of Korean Medicine, Gwangju, Korea
2Department of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation, Gwang-ju Jaseng Hospital of Korean Medicine, Gwangju, Korea
3Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Medicine, DongShin Korean Medicine Hospital, Gwangju, Korea
4Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Medicine, DongShin Korean Medicine Hospital, Mokpo, Korea
5Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Medicine, DongShin Korean Medicine Hospital, Seoul, Korea
6Department of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation, DongShin Korean Medicine Hospital, Seoul, Korea
7Department of Internal Korean Medicine, DongShin Korean Medicine Hospital, Gwangju, Korea
*Corresponding author.
Seon Woo Kim
Email: cjsdls3710@hanmail.net
Received: October 17, 2020   Revised: November 26, 2020   Accepted: December 10, 2020
Abstract
This review of national and international randomized controlled trials of Salviae miltiorrhizae radix pharmacopuncture for lumbar herniated intervertebral discs was performed to assess its clinical efficacy. There were 5 online databases (PubMed, EMBASE, CNKI, NDSL, OASIS, and RISS) searched on June 1st, 2020. Studies were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria and were reviewed by risk of bias assessment. This review included 14 Chinese studies. The sample sizes ranged from 50 to 100. The numbers of treatments ranged from 20 to 30, with most patients receiving 20 treatments. The longest treatment periods were 10-15 and 15-20 days, of which each accounted for 29% of the studies. The most frequently used evaluation indices were the Japanese Orthopedic Association and the Visual Analog Scale scoring method. The most frequently used acupoints were EX18 and BL25, which accounted for 31% of the total number of acupoints. In 50% of the studies, the pharmacopuncture injection volume was 2 mL. Acupuncture treatment was the most common control group. Eleven studies reported that the intervention group had significantly improved symptoms. However, most of the included studies were of low quality.
Keywords: herniated disc, pharmacopuncture, randomized controlled trial


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