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J Acupunct Res > Volume 33(2); 2016 > Article
Kim and Shin: The Effects of Korean Medical Treatment Combined with Embedding Acupuncture on Patients with Chronic Lower Back Pain: a Retrospective Study※

Abstract

Objectives:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical effects of Korean medical treatments combined with Embedding acupuncture on patients with chronic lower back pain.

Methods:

We reviewed the medical records of 40 patients with chronic lowerback pain hospitalized at Dongshin Korean Medicine Hospital from March, 2015 to February, 2016. They were divided into two groups: the embedding acupuncture group (20 patients) and the non-embedding acupuncture group(20 patients).
To evaluate the efficacy of the treatments, the 40 patients were asked to complete a Numerical Rating scale (NRS) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) four times during admission.

Results:

The mean NRS of the embedding acupuncture group decreased more significantly than the non-embedding acupuncture group at days three and ten of admission. The ODI change and ODI rate of change of the embedding acupuncture group were significantly greater than the non-embedding acupuncture at days three and ten of admission.

Conclusion:

Korean medical treatment combined with embedding acupuncture might be effective in reducing pain and improving the life quality of patients with chronic lower back pain.
We hope that further studies will be done to produce more clinical data and ensure effective application of these results.

Notes

This research was supported by the Dongshin University research grants

Fig. 1
Flow chart of the research protocol
acup-33-2-165f1.tif
Table 1
Distribution of Sex and age
20~29 30~39 40~49 50~59 60~70
NEA M 0 1 1 0 2 4 20
F 1 1 1 11 2 16

EA M 0 3 0 1 0 4 20
F 0 3 1 8 4 16
Table 2
Distribution of during admission
NEA EA
15 ~ 19(day) 6 8
20 ~ 25(day) 14 12

sum 20 20
Table 3
Distribution of ODI
NEA EA
moderate(21 ~ 40) 2 3
severe(41 ~ 60) 14 13

crippled(61 ~ 70) 4 4
Table 4
NRS comparison between NEA and EA
3day follow up 10day follow up discharge
NEA(n=20) 8.85 ± 1.27 5.95 ± 1.96 2.9 ± 2.49
EA(n=20) 7.55 ± 1.47 4.55 ± 1.82 2.35 ± 2.23

p-value .005 .025* .466

NEA: No Embedding Acupuncture group.

EA: Embedding Acupuncture group.

All values showed mean ± SD.

p-values were calculated by independent t-test.

* p<0.05.

p<0.01.

p<0.001.

Table 5
ODI of change comparison between NEA and EA
3day follow up 10day follow up discharge
NEA(n = 20) 5.3 ± 4.95 18.8 ± 9.87 32.7 ± 14.97
EA(n = 20) 11.5 ± 5.58 26.1 ± 11.54 35.4 ± 12.55

p-value .001 .038* .540

NEA: No Embedding Acupuncture group.

EA: Embedding Acupuncture group.

All values showed mean ± SD.

p-values were calculated by independent t-test.

* p<0.05.

p<0.01.

p<0.001.

Table 6
ODI rate of change comparison between NEA and EA
3day follow up 10day follow up discharge
NEA(n = 20) 10.29 ± 9.85 39.04 ± 20.5 63.59 ± 27.12
EA(n = 20) 23.38 ± 11.64 53.15 ± 18.63 70.99 ± 18.91

p-value .000 .028* .323

NEA: No Embedding Acupuncture group.

EA: Embedding Acupuncture group.

All values showed mean ± SD.

p-values were calculated by independent t-test.

* p<0.05.

p<0.01.

p<0.001.

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