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J Acupunct Res > Volume 32(4); 2015 > Article
Yun, Lee, Kim, and Kang: A Report on 6 cases of Abdominal Obesity using Electroacupuncture Combined with Magnetic Acupuncture
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Abstract

Objectives:

This study was aimed to show the effect of electroacupuncture combined with magnetic acupuncture on abdominal obesity without patient dieting, exercise or use of herbal medication

Methods:

Women over 85 cm in waist circumference were treated with electroacupuncture combined with magnetic acupuncture. Acupuncture points were located at the abdomen (CV12, CV6, ST25, ST21, SP15, SP14), extremities (LI4, LI11, ST36, ST44) and were stimulated 30 minutes with 2.1~3 Gaus 500 Hz, tolerable strength. The Interference wave forms were by Whata 153 (Medi Lab, Korea). Two or three treatment sessions per week (five or ten sessions in total) were done.
Before treatment, and after the last treatment, we measured waist circumference, hip circumference, waist hip ratio, thickness of abdominal subcutaneous fat, body weight, body mass index, body fat ratio, visceral fat area, free fat mass, body fat mass and skeletal muscle mass. We also measured the subcutaneous temperature of the abdomen(CV12, ST25(Rt), ST25(Lt), CV6) by using digital infrared thermal imaging(DITI).

Results:

In this study, significant reductions were shown in waist circumference, hip circumference, thickness of abdominal subcutaneous fat, body weight, body mass index, body fat ratio and body fat mass. There were no significant differences in waist hip ratio, free fat mass or skeletal muscle mass.
There were also significant increases of the subcutaneous temperature on CV12, ST25(Rt), ST25(Lt).

Conclusions:

From the above results, electroacupuncture combined with magnetic acupuncture might be an effective treatment for abdominal obesity.

Fig. 1
Diagram of magnetic acupuncture
If currents are flowing on the coil, the magnetic field is formed. When the magnetic body is inserted in the coil, it changes to electromagnet and we can get a more powerful magnetic field.
acup-32-4-213f1.gif
Fig. 2
A participant receiving electroacupuncture and magnetic acupuncture
acup-32-4-213f2.gif
Fig. 3
Measurement points of abdomen on DITI
acup-32-4-213f3.gif
Fig. 4
Shows changes of Abdomen subcutaneous temperature before and after Treatment
There were significant increases of the subcutaneous temperature on CV12, ST25(Rt), ST25(Lt). *: Statistical significance were evaluated by Wilcoxon Singed rank test *: p<0 05 Tx: Treatment
acup-32-4-213f4.gif
Table 1
Changes of Parameters Related to Obesity Before and After Treatment; Case 1, 2, 3
case 1 case 2 case 3
before treatment after treatment difference before treatment after treatment difference before treatment after treatment difference
BW(kg) 61.2 57.9 3.3 67.7 61.8 5.9 63.8 63.49 0.31
WC(cm) 93.8 88 5.8 94 91.5 2.5 85.5 83 2.5
HC(cm) 97.5 91.5 6 99 97.5 1.5 94 92.5 1.5
WHR 0.96 0.96 0 0.95 0.94 0.01 0.91 0.9 0.01
ASF(mm) 40 35 5 38 32 6 30 26 4
BMI(kg/m2) 25.8 24.5 1.3 25.17 23 2.17 23.4 23.32 0.08
BFR 38.3 37 1.3 34.44 33 1.44 29.2 27.31 1.89
VFA(cm2) 103.3 103.3 0 100.3 95.7 4.6 94 93 1
FFM(kg) 37.7 36.5 1.2 44.4 41.4 3 45.1 44.2 0.9
BFM(kg) 23.5 21.4 2.1 23.3 20.4 2.9 18.7 17.4 1.3
SMM(kg) 20.3 19.6 0.7 24.31 23 1.31 24.6 25.11 −0.51

BW: body weight. WC: waist circumference. HC: hip circumference. WHR: waist hip ratio. ASF: thickness of abdominal subcutaneous fat. BMI: body mass index. BFR: body fat ratio. VFA: visceral fat area. FFM: Free fat mass. BFM: body fat mass. SMM: skeletal muscle mass

Table 2
Change of Abdomen Subcutaneous Temperature Before and After Treatment; Case 1, 2, 3
case 1 case 2 case 3
before treatment after treatment difference before treatment after treatment difference before treatment after treatment difference
CV12 32.64 33 0.36 32.81 33.5 0.69 32.15 33.55 1.4
ST25(Rt) 32.28 32.42 0.14 32.65 32.79 0.14 32.32 33.64 1.32
ST25(Lt) 32.67 32.89 0.22 32.47 32.81 0.34 32.22 33.38 1.16
CV6 32.93 32.49 −0.44 32.44 33.02 0.58 32.37 33.15 0.78
Table 3
Changes of Parameters Related to Obesity Before and After Treatment; Case 4, 5, 6
case 3 case 4 case 5
before treatment after treatment difference before treatment after treatment difference before treatment after treatment difference
BW(kg) 66 65.27 0.73 67.5 66.3 1.2 68.47 68.41 0.06
WC(cm) 88 87.5 0.5 87 86.5 0.5 89.5 89 0.5
HC(cm) 96 95 1 97 97 0 96 95 1
WHR 0.92 0.92 0 0.9 0.9 0 0.93 0.94 −0.01
ASF(mm) 38 30 8 40 34 6 30 28 2
BMI(kg/m2) 28.95 28.63 0.32 27.7 26.8 0.9 23.8 23.8 0
BFR 33.33 28.31 5.02 35.9 35.1 0.8 27.5 28.2 −0.7
VFA(cm2) 109 95.1 13.9 108.1 100.3 7.8 68 64.9 3.1
FFM(kg) 44 46.8 -2.8 43.3 43 0.3 49.7 49.1 0.6
BFM(kg) 22 18.5 3.5 24.2 23.3 0.9 18.8 19.3 −0.5
SMM(kg) 24.31 26.9 -2.59 23.7 23.5 0.2 27.7 27.3 0.4

BW: body weight. WC: waist circumference. HC: hip circumference. WHR: waist hip ratio. ASF: thickness of abdominal subcutaneous fat. BMI: body mass index. BFR: body fat ratio. VFA: visceral fat area. FFM: Free fat mass. BFM: body fat mass. SMM: skeletal muscle mass.

Table 4
Change of Abdomen Subcutaneous Temperature Before and After Treatment; Case 4, 5, 6
case 4 case 5 case 6
before treatment after treatment difference before treatment after treatment difference before treatment after treatment difference
CV12(°C) 34.72 35.09 0.37 33 34.16 1.16 34.6 35.52 0.92
ST25(Rt)(°C) 33.98 35.69 1.71 33.76 33.63 −0.13 34.39 35.28 0.89
ST25(Lt)(°C) 33.81 35.53 1.72 33.98 33.98 0 34.47 35.27 0.8
CV6(°C) 33.05 34.92 1.87 33.79 33.16 −0.63 34.42 34.95 0.53
Table 5
Changes of Parameters Related to Obesity Before and After Treatment; All case
before treatment after treatment difference p-value
BW(kg) 65.78(2.79) 63.86(3.7) 1.92(2.27) 0.028*
WC(cm) 89.63(3.55) 87.58(2.82) 2.05(2.08) 0.026*
HC(cm) 96.58(1.69) 94.75(2.38) 1.83(2.11) 0.041*
WHR 0.93(0.02) 0.93(0.02) 0.00(0.01) 0.564
ASF(mm) 36(4.73) 30.83(3.49) 5.17(2.04) 0.027*
BMI(kg/m2) 25.80(2.18) 25.01(2.23) 0.8(0.84) 0.043*
BFR 33.11(4.08) 31.49(4.10) 1.63(1.89) 0.046*
VFA(cm2) 97.12(15.28) 92.05(13.82) 5.07(5.13) 0.043*
FFM(kg) 44.04(3.85) 43.5(4.39) 0.53(1.89) 0.249
BFM(kg) 21.75(2.43) 20.05(2.12) 1.7(1.45) 0.046*
SMM(kg) 24.15(2.36) 24.24(2.86) −0.08(1.37) 0.753

Values are shown mean(SD).*: statistical significance were evaluated by Wilcoxon signed rank test.*: p<0.05

BW: body weight. WC: waist circumference. HC: hip circumference. WHR: waist hip ratio. ASF: thickness of abdominal subcutaneous fat. BMI: body mass index. BFR: body fat ratio. VFA: visceral fat area. FFM: Free fat mass. BFM: body fat mass. SMM: skeletal muscle mass.

Table 6
Change of Abdomen Subcutaneous Temperature Before and After Treatment; All case
before treatment after treatment difference p-value
CV12(°C) 33.32(1.08) 34.14(0.99) 0.82(0.42) 0.028*
ST25(Rt)(°C) 33.23(0.92) 33.91(1.32) 0.68(0.74) 0.046*
ST25(Lt)(°C) 33.27(0.93) 33.98(1.18) 0.71(0.65) 0.043*
CV6(°C) 33.17(0.80) 33.62(1.05) 0.45(0.91) 0.249

Values are shown mean(SD).*: statistical significance were evaluated by Wilcoxon signed rank test.*: p<0.05

VI.
VI.

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