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J Acupunct Res > Volume 31(3); 2014 > Article
Lee, Jeong, Cha, Park, Kim, Song, Son, and Kim: A Clinical Case Study on the Long Term Respiration Management of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Patient with Respiratory Failure※
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Abstract

Objectives:

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis(ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a selective death of motor neuron, leading to respiratory insufficiency. The purpose of this study was to assess the long term respiratory management of ALS patient with respiratory failure.

Methods:

One ALS patient applying a non-invasive BIPAP ventilator as well as Korean medical treatment such as acupuncture, pharmacopuncture and herbal medicine was measured on SpO2, EtCO2, Vte(expiratorytidalvolume) for 2 years 7 months.

Results:

The SpO2, EtCO2 of ALS patient were maintained in the normal range for 2 years 7 months. The Vte of ALS patient also wasn’t worse in this study.

Conclusions:

In this study, the long term respiration management, combined administration of Korean medical treatment and non-invasive BIPAP ventilator, could be effective in ALS patient with respiratory failure.

Notes

This study was supported by a grant of the Korean Health Technology R & D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute(KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (grant number : HI11C2142)

Fig. 1.
The changes in Vte for respiratory management
acupunct-31-3-67f1.gif
Fig. 2.
The changes in SpO2, EtCO2 and RR for respiratory management
acupunct-31-3-67f2.jpg
Table 1.
Respiratory Progress
PS (cmH2O) Vte (ml) SpO2 (%) EtCO2 (mmHg) RR (BPM)
2011. 11. 10 7 - 96 39.5 23.5
2011. 12. 12 10 1,100 97 33 15.5
2012. 01. 12 12 1,000 97 34 14.5
2012. 02. 13 12 1,050 98 32.5 14
2012. 03. 12 12 1,175 97 33.5 16.5
2012. 04. 12 12 1,200 97 35.5 14.5
2012. 05. 11 12 1,100 98 32 15
2012. 06. 13 12 1,500 97 33 14
2012. 07. 13 12 1,050 96 31.5 16
2012. 08. 13 12 1,050 96 32 16
2012. 09. 13 12 1,250 95 32 16
2012. 10. 12 12 1,350 97 28 14
2012. 11. 13 12 1,140 97 34 14
2012. 12. 13 12 1,300 96 29.5 17
2013. 01. 14 12 900 97 31 14
2013. 02. 13 12 1,800 97 35 14
2013. 03. 13 12 1,050 96 32 15
2013. 04. 11 12 1,000 97 - 16
2013. 05. 13 14 1,400 96 27 14
2013. 06. 13 14 1,500 97 28 15
2013. 07. 12 14 1,000 96 28 14.5
2013. 08. 13 14 1,325 98 29 17
2013. 09. 13 14 1,650 98 27 16
2013. 10. 14 14 1,600 98 28 17
2013. 11. 13 14 1,650 98.5 28.5 19.5
2013. 12. 13 14 1,950 99 - -
2014. 01. 14 14 1,400 98 34.5 17
2014. 02. 13 14 1,400 98 28 15
2014. 03. 13 14 1,650 99 26 15
2014. 04. 14 14 1,625 99 35 15
2014. 05. 14 14 1,550 99 28 17
2014. 06. 13 14 1,500 99 26 15
2014. 07. 14 14 1,350 94.5 24 16.5

PS : pressure support.

VTe : exhaled tidal volume.

SpO2 : peripheral oxygen saturation.

EtCO2 : end-tidal carbon dioxide.

RR : respiration rate.

If the raw data was measured a range form, it was filled in means for our convenience.

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