The Effects of Sa-Am Acupuncture on Radial Pulse in Healthy Subjects: A Comparative Study of Large Intestine Tonifying and Sedating

Article information

Acupunct. 2014;31(3):7-18
Publication date (electronic) : 2014 September 20
doi : https://doi.org/10.13045/acupunct.2014038
Department of Acupuncture & Moxibustion Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Daejeon University
*Corresponding author : Department of Acupuncture & Moxibustion Medicine, Cheonan Oriental Hospital of Deajeon University, 4, Notaesan-ro, Seobuk-gu, Cheonan-si, Chungcheongnam-do, 331-958, Republic of Korea, Tel : +82-41-521-7550, E-mail : lh2000@dju.kr
Received 2014 August 10; Revised 2014 August 22; Accepted 2014 August 22.

Abstract

Objectives :

The purpose of this study is to find parameters to compare the effects of Sa-Am acupuncture with large intestine tonifying and sedating on radial pulse in healthy subjects.

Methods :

Sixty healthy subjects participated in this study, divided into large intestine tonifying acupuncture group, large intestine sedating acupuncture group and control group. Radial pulse was measured by 3 dimensional pulse imaging system(DMP-3000) before, right after, 30 minutes after and 60 minutes after acupuncture at Cun, Guan, and Chi in the acupuncture group and in the control group at the same time points.

Results :

  1. Angle of main peak and magnitude of fourier component significantly changed by integrated analysis of Cun, Guan and Chi.

  2. Amplitude of H1, Pulse Power volume / min, elasticity, AIx / HR, Frequency and magnitude of fourier component significantly changed by analysis of Cun, Guan, and Chi.

Conclusions :

The effect of Sa-Am acupuncture with large intestine tonifying and sedating in healthy human may be observed on time, amplitude, pulse area, augmentation index and fourier components parameters. The parameters analysed in this study may be used to differentiate the effects between Sa-Am acupuncture with large intestine tonifying and sedating on radial pulse. Further studies on the effects of Sa-Am acupuncture using radial pulse are needed.

Fig. 1.

Effect of Sa-Am large intestine tonifying and sedating acupuncture on main peak angle of radial pulse

Healthy subjects in LI-T and LI-S group were given large intestine tonifying Sa-Am acupuncture and large intestine sedating Sa-Am acupuncture respectively. Those in control group took rest without acupuncture. Radial pulse was measured using 3 dimensional pulse imaging system at six different measuring locations before, right after, 30 minutes after and 60 minutes after acupuncture. Change ratio of main peak angle after acupuncture at each time point were analyzed. Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=120).

LI-T : large intestine tonifying Sa-Am acupuncture group.

LI-S : large intestine sedating Sa-Am acupuncture group.

# : p<0.05, LI-T vs LI-S by ANOVA.

Fig. 2.

Effect of Sa-Am large intestine tonifying and sedating acupuncture on M1 of radial pulse

Healthy subjects in LI-T and LI-S group were given large intestine tonifying Sa-Am acupuncture and large intestine sedating Sa-Am acupuncture respectively. Those in control group took rest without acupuncture. Radial pulse was measured using 3 dimensional pulse imaging system at six different measuring locations before, right after, 30 minutes after and 60 minutes after acupuncture. Change ratio of M1 after acupuncture at each time point were analyzed. Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=120).

LI-T : large intestine tonifying Sa-Am acupuncture group.

LI-S : large intestine sedating Sa-Am acupuncture group.

*: p<0.05, LI-T vs control by ANOVA.

# : p<0.05, LI-T vs LI-S by ANOVA.

Effect of Sa-Am Large Intestine Tonifying and Sedating Acupuncture on the Change of Elasticity of Radial Pulse at Each Measuring Point

Effect of Sa-Am Largeintestine Tonifying and Sedating Acupuncture on the Change of H1 of Radial Pulse at Each Measuring Point

Effect of Sa-Am Large Intestine Tonifying and Sedating Acupuncture on the Change of AIx / HR of Radial Pulse at Each Measuring Point

Effect of Sa-Am Large Intestine Tonifying and Sedating Acupuncture on the Change of Pulse Power Volume / Min at Each Measuring Point

Effect of Sa-Am Large Intestine Tonifying and Sedating Acupuncture on the Change of F1 of Radial Pulse at Each Measuring Point

Effect of Sa-Am Large Intestine Tonifying and Sedating Acupuncture on the Change of M1 of Radial Pulse at each Measuring Point

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Article information Continued

Fig. 1.

Effect of Sa-Am large intestine tonifying and sedating acupuncture on main peak angle of radial pulse

Healthy subjects in LI-T and LI-S group were given large intestine tonifying Sa-Am acupuncture and large intestine sedating Sa-Am acupuncture respectively. Those in control group took rest without acupuncture. Radial pulse was measured using 3 dimensional pulse imaging system at six different measuring locations before, right after, 30 minutes after and 60 minutes after acupuncture. Change ratio of main peak angle after acupuncture at each time point were analyzed. Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=120).

LI-T : large intestine tonifying Sa-Am acupuncture group.

LI-S : large intestine sedating Sa-Am acupuncture group.

# : p<0.05, LI-T vs LI-S by ANOVA.

Fig. 2.

Effect of Sa-Am large intestine tonifying and sedating acupuncture on M1 of radial pulse

Healthy subjects in LI-T and LI-S group were given large intestine tonifying Sa-Am acupuncture and large intestine sedating Sa-Am acupuncture respectively. Those in control group took rest without acupuncture. Radial pulse was measured using 3 dimensional pulse imaging system at six different measuring locations before, right after, 30 minutes after and 60 minutes after acupuncture. Change ratio of M1 after acupuncture at each time point were analyzed. Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=120).

LI-T : large intestine tonifying Sa-Am acupuncture group.

LI-S : large intestine sedating Sa-Am acupuncture group.

*: p<0.05, LI-T vs control by ANOVA.

# : p<0.05, LI-T vs LI-S by ANOVA.

Table 1.

Effect of Sa-Am Large Intestine Tonifying and Sedating Acupuncture on the Change of Elasticity of Radial Pulse at Each Measuring Point

Group Change ratio of elasticity after acupuncture
0 min 30 min 60 min

Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Left Chon Control .110 ± .186 .068 ± .407 .165 ± .247
LI-T .041 ± .307 .279 ± .405 .190 ± .411
LI-S .202 ± .378 .187 ± .341 .137 ± .414

Left Guan Control .104 ± .430 .022 ± .284 .210 ± .601
LI-T .129 ± .409 .227 ± .660 .118 ± .315
LI-S .031 ± .409 −.037 ± .332 .075 ± .423

Left Cheok Control .145 ± .388 .085 ± .355 .155 ± .329*
LI-T −.008 ± .289 .119 ± .335 −.039 ± .336*
LI-S .071 ± .286 .100 ± .295 .159 ± .358

Right Chon Control .072 ± .517 .189 ± .479 .146 ± .362
LI-T .286 ± .821 .201 ± .574 .112 ± .535
LI-S .010 ± .283 .022 ± .372 .052 ± .337

Right Guan Control .170 ± .412 .182 ± .555 .106 ± .437
LI-T .153 ± .563 .212 ± .583 .247 ± .680
LI-S .088 ± .352 .088 ± .465 .041 ± .463

Right Cheok Control −.008 ± .238 .108 ± .243 .001 ± .207
LI-T −.039 ± .326 .040 ± .287 .133 ± .615
LI-S .078 ± .377 −.017 ± .327 .074 ± .320

LI-T : large intestine tonifying Sa-Am acupuncture group. LI-S : large intestine sedating Sa-Am acupuncture group.

*:

p<0.05, LI-T vs control by Mann-Whitney test.

†:

p<0.05, LI-T vs LI-S by Mann-Whitney test.

Table 2.

Effect of Sa-Am Largeintestine Tonifying and Sedating Acupuncture on the Change of H1 of Radial Pulse at Each Measuring Point

Group Change ratio of H1 after acupuncture
0 min 30 min 60 min

Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Left Chon Control −.027 ± .278 −.111 ± .403 .008 ± .266
LI-T .065 ± .189 .106 ± .346 .051 ± .262
LI-S .038 ± .246 .035 ± .269 .097 ± .236

Left Guan Control .070 ± .176 .038 ± .273* .131 ± .272
LI-T .164 ± .565 .318 ± .450* .376 ± .513
LI-S −.053 ± .237 .010 ± .241 .145 ± .411

Left Cheok Control −.056 ± .209 .022 ± .212 −.000 ± .201
LI-T −.014 ± .206 .154 ± .288 .072 ± .204
LI-S −.087 ± .220 .000 ± .187 −.052 ± .233

Right Chon Control .063 ± .381 .058 ± .338 −.007 ± .374
LI-T .561 ± 2.571 .682 ± 3.056 .657 ± 2.809
LI-S −.067 ± .360 .042 ± .294 −.091 ± .268

Right Guan Control .113 ± .419 .069 ± .522 .135 ± .437
LI-T .061 ± .343 .076 ± .344 .127 ± .467
LI-S −.080 ± .259 .052 ± .221 −.023 ± .321

Right Cheok Control −.024 ± .258 .093 ± .774 −.007 ± .462
LI-T .010 ± .202 .072 ± .176 .026 ± .203
LI-S .210 ± .618 .226 ± .607 .238 ± .709

LI-T : large intestine tonifying Sa-Am acupuncture group. LI-S : large intestine sedating Sa-Am acupuncture group.

*:

p<0.05, LI-T vs control by Mann-Whitney test.

†:

p<0.05, LI-T vs LI-S by Mann-Whitney test.

Table 3.

Effect of Sa-Am Large Intestine Tonifying and Sedating Acupuncture on the Change of AIx / HR of Radial Pulse at Each Measuring Point

Group Change ratio of AIx / HR after acupuncture
0 min 30 min 60 min

Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Left Chon Control .074 ± .286 .063 ± .449 .061 ± .303
LI-T 210 ± .447 .239 ± .475 .234 ± .371
LI-S .129 ± .385 .250 ± .401 .218 ± .377

Left Guan Control .033 ± .168 .122 ± .439 .178 ± .343
LI-T .172 ± .292 .209 ± .367 .159 ± .244
LI-S .104 ± .311 .282 ± .328 .179 ± .345

Left Cheok Control .110 ± .341 .096 ± .476 .193 ± .322
LI-T .208 ± .275 .228 ± .427 .259 ± .444
LI-S .210 ± .369 .225 ± .403 .259 ± .358

Right Chon Control −.099 ± .297 .144 ± .580 .136 ± .490
LI-T .054 ± .440 .005 ± .257 .092 ± .360
LI-S .066 ± .382 .216 ± .409 .091 ± .417

Right Guan Control −.034 ± .409 .147 ± .674 .156 ± .445
LI-T .027 ± .258 .113 ± .279 .002 ± .251
LI-S .093 ± .256 .052 ± .206 .275 ± .665

Right Cheok Control .176 ± .736 .149 ± .637 .114 ± .548
LI-T −.077 ± .240 .001 ± .354†† −.041 ± .322
LI-S .192 ± .450 .343 ± .462†† .179 ± .319

LI-T : large intestine tonifying Sa-Am acupuncture group. LI-S : large intestine sedating Sa-Am acupuncture group.

††:

p<0.01, LI-T vs LI-S by Mann-Whitney test.

Table 4.

Effect of Sa-Am Large Intestine Tonifying and Sedating Acupuncture on the Change of Pulse Power Volume / Min at Each Measuring Point

Group Change ratio of pulse power volume / min after acupuncture
0 min 30 min 60 min

Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Left Chon Control −.047 ± .408 −.150 ± .550 −.070 ± .249
LI-T .025 ± .275 .005 ± .346 −.082 ± .341
LI-S −.072 ± .296 −.092 ± .314 .018 ± .309

Left Guan Control .242 ± .885 .090 ± .604 .243 ± .718
LI-T .011 ± .412 .187 ± .519†† .203 ± .485
LI-S −.153 ± .308 −.171 ± .221†† −.032 ± .442

Left Cheok Control .116 ± .439 .108 ± .476 .034 ± .350
LI-T −.025 ± .406 .208 ± .777 .002 ± .328
LI-S .119 ± .792 −.035 ± .317 −.102 ± .325

Right Chon Control .281 ± .555*‡‡ .190 ± .522 .068 ± .563
LI-T −.095 ± .254* −.092 ± .262 −.021 ± .265
LI-S −.147 ± .383‡‡ −.057 ± .315 −.198 ± .256

Right Guan Control −.029 ± .328 .020 ± .532 −.056 ± .377
LI-T .020 ± .522 −.082 ± .395 .022 ± .560
LI-S −.164 ± .424 −.016 ± .380 −.135 ± .320

Right Cheok Control −.038 ± .449 .397 ± 1.579 .139 ± .872
LI-T .034 ± .491 .087 ± .601 −.005 ± .396
LI-S .119 ± .582 .199 ± .710 .242 ± .665

LI-T : large intestine tonifying Sa-Am acupuncture group. LI-S : large intestine sedating Sa-Am acupuncture group.

*

p<0.05, LI-T vs control by Mann-Whitney test.

‡‡

p<0.001, LI-S vs control by Mann-Whitney test.

††

p<0.01, LI-T vs LI-S by Mann-Whitney test.

Table 5.

Effect of Sa-Am Large Intestine Tonifying and Sedating Acupuncture on the Change of F1 of Radial Pulse at Each Measuring Point

Group Change ratio of F1 after acupuncture
0 min 30 min 60 min

Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Left Chon Control −.033 ± .103 −.018 ± .179 −.052 ± .139
LI-T −.069 ± .138 −.092 ± .115 −.102 ± .149
LI-S −.060 ± .136 −.083 ± .189 −.103 ± .162

Left Guan Control −.015 ± .115 −.062 ± .175 −.075 ± .080
LI-T −.079 ± .126 −.062 ± .159 −.136 ± .103
LI-S −.099 ± .103 −.150 ± .145 −.127 ± .122

Left Cheok Control −.010 ± .111 −.017 ± .210 −.073 ± .152
LI-T −.063 ± .129 −.084 ± .107 −.122 ± .113
LI-S −.036 ± .126 −.073 ± .138 −.070 ± .139

Right Chon Control .011 ± .140 −.038 ± .108 −.046 ± .077
LI-T .016 ± .187 −.039 ± .154 −.035 ± .208
LI-S −.005 ± .200 −.098 ± .120 −.064 ± .131

Right Guan Control .012 ± .117** −.000 ± .180 −.050 ± .072
LI-T −.078 ± .112** −.065 ± .110 −.100 ± .150
LI-S −.017 ± .102 −.065 ± .133 −.056 ± .156

Right Cheok Control −.025 ± .053‡‡ −.015 ± .146‡‡ −.027 ± .091‡‡
LI-T −.043 ± .109 −.016 ± .139 −.078 ± .156
LI-S −.085 ± .080‡‡ −.117 ± .126‡‡ −.119 ± .084

LI-T : large intestine tonifying Sa-Am acupuncture group. LI-S : large intestine sedating Sa-Am acupuncture group.

**

p<0.01, LI-T vs control by Mann-Whitney test.

p<0.05, LI-T vs LI-S by Mann-Whitney test.

p<0.05,

‡‡

p<0.001, LI-S vs control by Mann-Whitney test.

Table 6.

Effect of Sa-Am Large Intestine Tonifying and Sedating Acupuncture on the Change of M1 of Radial Pulse at each Measuring Point

Group Change ratio of M1 after acupuncture
0 min 30 min 60 min

Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Left Chon Control −.016 ± .220 −.152 ± .281* −.070 ± .258
LI-T .101 ± .298 .107 ± .315* .039 ± .256
LI-S −.004 ± .197 −.025 ± .179 .121 ± .368

Left Guan Control .094 ± .377 .005 ± .371* .178 ± .351
LI-T .125 ± .463 .248 ± .421* .328 ± .467
LI-S −.041 ± .273 .038 ± .285 .030 ± .353

Left Cheok Control −.041 ± .217 .038 ± .233 −.012 ± .214
LI-T .040 ± .288 .129 ± .287 .037 ± .208
LI-S −.012 ± .310 −.043 ± .136 −.055 ± .252

Right Chon Control .103 ± .355 .127 ± .298 .011 ± .222
LI-T .344 ± 1.409 .496 ± 1.708 .447 ± 1.139
LI-S −.113 ± .247 −.012 ± .239 −.088 ± .234

Right Guan Control .013 ± .249 .044 ± .474 .104 ± .467
LI-T .074 ± .304 .040 ± .227 .174 ± .438
LI-S −.072 ± .340 .040 ± .291 −.064 ± .357

Right Cheok Control .000 ± .228 .061 ± .383 .026 ± .408
LI-T −.011 ± .344 .077 ± .254 −.034 ± .196
LI-S .188 ± .507 .195 ± .455 .249 ± .587

LI-T : large intestine tonifying Sa-Am acupuncture group. LI-S : large intestine sedating Sa-Am acupuncture group.

*

p<0.05, LI-T vs control by Mann-Whitney test.

p<0.05, LI-T vs LI-S by Mann-Whitney test.