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J Acupunct Res > Volume 31(2); 2014 > Article
Kim, Jo, Nam, and Kim: Observational Study on the Effectiveness of Korean Medical Treatment on Stress Caused by Traffic Accidents

Abstract

Objectives:

The purpose of this study is to find the effectiveness of Korean medical treatment on stress caused by traffic accidents. HRV analysis and IES-R K research were used to evaluate it.

Methods:

We selected patients who entered the KangNam KyungHee Hospital between 28 Sep 2013 and 14 Apr 2014 and met inclusion/exclusion criteria. Before taking treatment, we took HRV and IES-R-K first to know the exact mental conditions of patients. For a week, we had taken acupuncture treatment, herb medicine treatment and physical therapy. After that, we compared patients’ changes between before-treatment and after-treatment with the same examination.

Results:

In a period of one week, Korean medical treatment makes LF(Norm) stay within the normal range and HF(Norm) increase. But, we could not find statistical significance between two. The normal range of LF/HF ratio increased, and there was statistical significance. After treatment, the IES-R-K score tended to decrease. Statistically, korean medical treatment is useful to alleviate subjective stress by traffic accidents.

Conclusions:

Korean medical treatment makes the sympathetic system relax and parasympathetic system rise so it balances an autonomic nervous system. But, there is not statistical significance. Also, it gives positive effect on car accident patients’ treatment in terms of easing their subjective stress. Prospective and Larger study will be necessary.

Fig. 1.
Inclusion and treatment of patients
acupunct-31-2-31-4f1.gif
Fig. 2.
LF(Norm) scores of the pre-treatment and after 1 week treatment
acupunct-31-2-31-4f2.gif
Fig. 3.
HF(Norm) scores of the pre-treatment and after 1 week treatment
acupunct-31-2-31-4f3.gif
Fig. 4.
IES-R-K scores of the pre-treatment and after 1 week treatment
acupunct-31-2-31-4f4.gif
Table 1.
LF(Norm) Scores of the Pre-treatment and after 1 Week Treatment
Measure Baseline 1 week p-value
LF(norm) 66.66±4.59 59.42±2.93 0.159

Values are means±SD.

Statistical significance was evaluated by t-test.

Table 2.
HF(Norm) Scores of the Pre-treatment and after 1 Week Treatment
Measure Baseline 1 week p-value
HF(Norm) 33.33±4.59 40.57±2.93 0.159

Values are means±SD.

Statistical significance was evaluated by t-test.

Table 3.
Change of LF/HF Ratio before and after Treatment
LF/HF Ratio After Treatment
p-value
Normal Abnormal Total
Before Treatment Normal 5 0 5 0.008

Abnormal 8 4 12

Total 13 4 17
Table 4.
IES-R-K Scores of the Pre-treatment and after 1 Week Treatment
Measure Baseline 1 week p-value
IES-R-K 40.35±15.91 32.24±15.26 0.021

Values are means±SD.

Statistical significance was evaluated by t-test.

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