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J Acupunct Res > Volume 31(2); 2014 > Article
Lee, Lee, Kim, Kim, and Lee: Comparative Study for Therapeutic Effects of the Low Back Pain Patients According to the Bee Venom Pharmacopuncture-induced Skin Hypersensitivity Reaction and the Sasang Constitution※

Abstract

Objectives:

The aim of this study was to analyze the interrelation of therapeutic effects according to the bee venom pharmacopuncture-induced skin hypersensitivity reaction and the sasang constitution.

Methods:

Data were collected from 62 patients who had been treated with bee venom pharmacopuncture due to low back pain. The patient's symptoms were evaluated with visual analogue scale(VAS), oswestry disability index(ODI). And we classified the patients according to the manifestation of skin hypersensitivity reaction, sasang constitution by QSCC II.

Results:

22 patients had the skin hypersensitivity reaction, 40 patients hadn't. And 12 patients were Soeumin, 30 patients were Soyangin, 17 patients were Taeeumin. After treatment with bee venom pharmacopuncture 6 times(three times per week for 2 weeks), VAS was changed from 6.15±1.63 to 4.00±1.64. ODI was changed from 19.61±8.15 to 14.76±8.07. And there were significant associations. By the change of VAS and ODI between skin hypersensitivity reaction group and not, there were no significant associations. By the occurrence of skin hypersensitivity reaction between the sasang constitution, there were no significant associations. By the change of VAS and ODI between the Sasang constitution, there were no significant associations.

Conclusion:

This study shows that there were no significant associations in the frequency of skin hypersensitivity reaction according to the Sasang constitution. And the therapeutic effects of bee venom pharmacopuncture had no concern with skin hypersensitivity reaction and the Sasang constitution.

Notes

This research was supported by a grant from Daegu Haany University Ky·lin Foundation in 2012

Table 1.
The Comparison of Visual Analogue Scale and Oswestry Disability Index
Before treatment After treatment p-value
VAS 6.15±1.63 4.00±1.64 .038
ODI 19.61±8.15 14.76±8.07 .000

VAS : visual analogue scale. ODI : oswestry disability index.

Values are Mean±SD.

Using paired t-test. p<0.05

Table 2.
The Comparison of Visual Analogue Scale and Oswestry Disability Index between Skin Hypersensitivity Reaction Group or Non Skin Hypersensitivity Reaction Group
Number Before treatment After treatment p-value
VAS NSHR 40 6.33±0.23 4.25±0.24 .91
SHR 22 5.82±0.40 3.55±0.38
ODI NSHR 40 21.85±1.23 16.80±1.35 .72
SHR 22 15.82±1.49 11.05±1.21

VAS : visual analogue scale.

ODI : oswestry disability index.

NSHR : non skin hypersensitivity reaction group.

SHR : skin hypersensitivity reaction group

Values are Mean±SD.

Using Mann-Whitney test. p>0.05

p-value means comparative analysis of treatment effect between two groups.

Table 3.
The Comparison of Skin Hypersensitivity Reaction between Sasang Constitution Groups
NSHR SHR p-value
Sasang constitution Soeumin 8 4 .98
Soyangin 21 12
Taeeumin 11 6
Sum 40 22

NSHR : non skin hypersensitivity reaction group

SHR : skin hypersensitivity reaction group

Using Chi-squre test. p>0.05

Table 4.
The Comparison of Visual Analogue Scale and Oswestry Disability Index between Sasang Constitution Groups
Sasang constitution
Soeumin(12) Soyangin(33) Taeeumin(17) p-value
VAS Before treatment 5.75±0.63 6.33±0.25 6.06±0.39 .76
After treatment 2.92±0.38 4.27±0.26 4.24±0.45
ODI Before treatment 18.50±2.05 19.12±1.41 21.77±2.09 .08
After treatment 11.17±1.57 15.52±1.34 15.82±2.40

VAS : visual analogue scale.

ODI : oswestry disability index.

Values are Mean±SD.

Using Kruskal-Wallis test. p>0.05.

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