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J Acupunct Res > Volume 30(5); 2013 > Article
Lee, Jung, Choi, Yook, Song, Jeong, Hong, and Uk-Kim: A Systematic Literature Review on Clinical Research in Human Utilized Electroacupuncture in Korea※

Abstract

Background or Objectives:

The purpose of this study is to review oriental medicine journal clinical study in human that have been utilize Electroacupuncture in Korea.

Methods :

We investigated clinical studies in relation to electroacupuncture through 70 articles from OASIS excluded studies used rats and reviews.

Results:

Of 162 articles, totally 70 articles selected. There was differences ways of stimulation. In 70 articles, 19 type of instrument is used. About Stimulation time, 15 minutes form 40 percent, 20 minute form 37.1 percent, 30 minute form 11.4 percent. About stimulation intensity, there was 20 articles is unknown intensity. Only 21 articles present intensity by value. In frequency, 2 Hz frequency is used the most, 21 articles. Below 10 Hz frequency is used 54.2 % in 70 articles. There was 7 articles is unknown frequency.

Conclusions:

The result of this study could provide useful information of field of electroacupuncture is used in oriental medicine. Studies of electroacupuncture should be carried out in many different ways.

Fig. 1.
Flow-diagram of selection process
OASIS : oriental medicine advanced searching integrated system.
acupunct-30-5-13-f1.tif
Fig. 2.
Instrument used on study
acupunct-30-5-13-f2.tif
Fig. 3.
Stimulation time
acupunct-30-5-13-f3.tif
Fig. 4.
Stimulation frequency
acupunct-30-5-13-f4.tif
Fig. 5.
Stimulation intensity
acupunct-30-5-13-f5.tif
Fig. 6.
Frequency used on electroencephalogram study
acupunct-30-5-13-f6.tif
Fig. 7.
Frequency used on spasticity of stroke patients study
acupunct-30-5-13-f7.tif
Fig. 8.
Frequency used on ophthalmologic study
acupunct-30-5-13-f8.tif
Fig. 9.
Frequency used on Musculoskeletal study
acupunct-30-5-13-f9.tif
Table 1.
The Articles Selected
Number Title First Autor Stimulation Frequency Stimulation time Instrument Object Acupuncture point
1 The Effect of LI4–LI11 Electrical Acupuncture at Unaffected Limb on Cerebral Blood Flow in Ischemic Stroke Patients using SPECT Moon Sang-kwan 2 Hz 15 m GFP-91 (Si-emui Co, Japan) Ischemic stroke LI4–LI11(unaffected limb)
2 The Effect of Electroacupuncture Therapy with the Shoulder Pain of Frozen Shoulder Patients Analyzed by Visual Analogue Scale Son Chi-hyoung Auto A1(1, 5 10, 20, 30, 50, 60, 70, 80, 100 Hz) 30 m OTS H-306 (Han-il, Korea) Frozen shoulder GB21, SI13, SI12, LI15, SI14, SI15, GB20, Trigger points of Shoulder
3 The Clinical Study on the Pain Improvement of Lumbago Patients with Electro-acupuncture Therapy using Visual Analogue Scale Son Chi-hyoung Auto A1(1, 5 10, 20, 30, 50, 60, 70, 80, 100 Hz) 30 m OTS H-306 (Han-il, Korea) Low back pain GB4, GB3, BL23, BL24, BL25, BL26, BL52, GB30, BL32, Trigger points of Lumbago
4 Effects of Fixed-intensity and Varied-intensity Electroacupuncture on Heart Rate Variability in Healthy People with Stress Task Lim Sungkeun 2 Hz 20 m ML180, AD (Instrument, Australia) Stress task (healthy people) ST36–ST37(left)
5 The Effect of Electroacupuncture at the BL60 (Kollyun) on the EEG Tae-Young Lee 80 Hz 15 m Cefar-Acus II (Hipoland, Sweden) EGG(Healthy people) BL60, PC6
6 A Clinical Study on Effect of Electro-acupuncture Treatment for Lumbago Patients Caused by Traffic Accident Kim Sangjoo Unknown 15 m STN-111 (Stratek, Korea) Lumbago (traffic accident) GB4, GB3, BL23, BL24, BL25, BL26, Trigger points of Lumbago
7 A Clinical Study on Effect of Electro-acupuncture Treatment for Whiplash Injury Patients Caused by Traffic Accident Han Sangyeob Unknown 15 m STN-111 (Stratek, Korea) Whiplash injury (traffic accident) BL10, GB20, GB21, SI14, SI15, SI11, Trigger points of Shoulder
8 Laser Doppler Analysis of the Effects of Electrocupuncture on Local Blood Flow on Skin Flap: A Case Report Kim Kunhyung 2 Hz 20 m Unknown Local blood flow on skin flap LI11, LU10, LI10, TE5, SI3, Palsa.
9 Combination Effects of Zusanli(ST36) Electro-acupuncture and Manual Acupuncture of other Acupoints on Gastric Vagal Nerve Activity and Pyloric Valve Function in Patients with Functional Dyspepsia. Kim Yooseung 3 Hz 30 m PG-6 (Ito, Japan) Function dyspepsia ST36(both)
10 Myofascial Release and Electroacupuncture Treatment in Functional Scoliosis Kim Sung-Uk 2 Hz, 60 Hz 15 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Functional scoliosis Lt. quadratus lumborum trigger points, Rt gluteus medius, hamstring trigger points
11 The Effect of Electroacupuncture at the PC6 (Naegwan) and TE5(Oegwan) on the EEG) Jin-Teck Yim 80 Hz 15 m Cefar-Acus II (Hipoland, Sweden) EGG (healthy people) TE5-PC6(both)
12 The Effect of Electroacupuncture at the PC6 (Naegwan) on the EEG Tae-Young Lee 80 Hz 15 m Cefar-Acus II (Hipoland, Sweden) EGG(healthy people) PC6(both)
13 The Effect of Electroacupuncture at the PC6 (Naegwan) on the correlation dimension of EEG Seung-Won Hong 80 Hz 15 m Cefar-Acus II (Hipoland, Sweden) EGG(healthy people) PC6(both)
14 The effect of Electroacupuncture at Nogung (PC8) on the Electroencephalogram(EEG) Hong Seungwon 80 Hz 15 m Cefar-Acus II (Hipoland, Sweden) EGG(healthy people) PC8(both)
15 A Comparative Study of Motor Recovery from Stroke between High and Low Frequency Electrical Acupoint Stimulation Kim Youngsuk 2 Hz, 120 Hz 15 m GFP-91(Si-emui Co, Japan) Ischemic stroke LI4, LI11, LI10, TE5. ST36, ST37, GB39, LR3
16 The Effect of Electroacupuncture on Upper-Extremity Spasticity of Stroke Patients Lee Sunwoo 60 Hz 20 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Hemiplegic upper Extremity PC3-PC2, PC6-LU5 (affected limb)
17 The Effect of Electroacupuncture by Yin and Yang meridians on Leg Spasticity of Stroke Patients Park Saewook 60 Hz 20 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Leg spasticity of stroke GB39-GB34, ST34-ST31, SP6-SP9, SP10-LR10
18 A Case Report on the Effect of Electroacupuncture at LI15 and TE14 for the Treatment of Shoulder Pain in Post-stroke Hemiplegia Patients Kim Jihye 2 Hz 20 m STN-111 (Stratek, Korea) Hemiplegia of stroke LI15-TE14(affected limb)
19 A Case of Acute Herpes-zoster Virus Infection with Multiple Protrusion of Cervical Disc Using Electroacupuncture at Cervical Hyeopcheok Points(Hua-Tuo-Jia-Ji-Xue) Noh Seunghee 2∼100 Hz 10 m Unknown Acute herpeszoster virus Infection with multiple protrusion of cervical disc GB20, Hua-Tuo-Jia-Ji-Xue(left)
20 The Study of Brain Function Changes After Contralateral and Ipsilateral Application Of Electroacupuncture Woo Young-min 1 Hz 20 m Tokki model III acupuncture anesthesia Brain function changes ST36(right)
21 The Effect of Microcurrent Electrical Neuro-muscular Stimulation on Stress-related Hormones Sung-uk Kim 1st, 292 Hz.
2nd, 9.1 Hz.
3rd, 9.1 Hz.
1st, 48sec. 2nd, 12 m. 3rd 6 m. Microstim400-III (Microstim Inc. USA) Effect on stress-related hormones GB21(both)
22 Effect of Electro Acupuncture on Heart Rate Variability of Patients with Functional Voiding Disease Kim Eunjung 2 Hz 20 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Fuctional voiding BL32(both)
23 A Case Study of an OPCA Patient with Gait Disturbance Treated by Electroacupuncture Treatment Son Haerim 2 Hz 30 m SM-0915K (An-Jeon, Korea) OPCA patient with gait disturbance ST36-ST39(both)
24 The Effect of Electroacupuncture at the SP6 (Sameungyo)-GB39(Hyeonjong) on the EEG Sang-Ryong Lee 80 Hz 15 m Cefar-Acus II (Hipoland, Sweden) EGG(healthy people) SP6-GB39(both)
25 Case Report of Plantar Fasciitis Paitient Treated with Electroacupuncture on San-Yin-Jiao(SP6) Woo In 4 Hz, 30 Hz 15 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Plantar fasciitis SP6
26 The Immediate Effect of Electroacupuncture at the B62(Shinmaek) K6(Chohae) on the EEG of Vascular Dementia Kim Su-Hyun 2 Hz 15 m Cefar-Acus II (Hipoland, Sweden) EGG of vascular dementia BL62-KI6(both)
27 The Effect of Electroacupuncture at the H7(Shinmun) on the EEG Sang-Soo Seo 80 Hz 15 m Cefar-Acus II (Hipoland, Sweden) EGG(healthy people) HT7(both)
28 Effect of GB34-GB39 Electro-acupuncture on Regional Cerebral Blood Flow in Stroke Patients and Normal Volunteers Evaluated by 99mTc-ECD SPECT Han Jinan 2 Hz 15 m GFP-91 (Si-emui Co, Japan) Regional cerebral blood GB34-GB39 (right or affected side)
29 A Clinical Study of 3 Cases of Stroke Patients with Dysphagia Treated by Simultaneous Scalp-acupuncture and Electroacupuncture Baek Kyungmin 3 Hz 20 m Pointer F-3(Ito, Japan) Stoke patients with dysphagia Motor area of Scalp-acupuncture, Sensory area of Scalp-acupuncture.
30 A Case of Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome Treated with Herbal Medicine and Electroacupuncture at Oculomotor Muscles Youn Inhwan 120 Hz 15 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Tolosa-Hunt syndrome Oculomotor muscles
31 One Case of traffic accident induced paralytic strabismus (oculomotor nerve palsy) which was treated with electroacupuncture at oculomotor muscles Kim Namkuon 1∼8 Hz 15 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Paralytic strabismus Oculomotor muscles
32 One Case of paralytic strabismus(oculomotor nerve palsy) which was treated electro-acupuncture at oculomotor muscles Kim Namkuon 1∼8 Hz 15 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Paralytic strabismus (oculomotor nerve palsy) Oculomotor muscles
33 Three cases of paralytic strabismus which were treated electra-acupuncture at extra-ocular muscles Nam Kwen Kim 1∼8 Hz 15 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Paralytic strabismus Oculomotor muscles
34 A Clinical Study on Effect of Electro-acupuncture Treatment for Low Back Pain and Radicular Pain in Patients Diagnosed with Lumbar HIVD Lim Sujin Unknown 15 m STN-111 (Stratek, Korea) Lumbar HIVD GV4, GV3, BL23, BL24, BL25, BL26
35 A Clinical Study on the Efficansy of Electro-stimulation on Acupuncture Loci in the Treatment of Dysmenorrhia Bomnim Kim 1 Hz 20 m PG-6 (Ito, Japan) Dysmenorrhia CV4, CV6
36 Assessment of Regulatory Effect of Electro-acupuncture at Jogsamni(ST36), on Electro-gastrography in Diabetic Patients with Gastric Dysrhythmia: A Case Series Study Oh Dalseok 2 Hz 30 m PG-306 (Young Mok, Japan) Gastric dysrhythmia ST36 or LI15(both)
37 The Efficacy of Low Frequency Electro-acupuncture Therapy for Weight Loss in Obese Korean Women Hwang Deoksang Unknown Unknown Lipodren (Da-U, Korea) Obese Buttock, thigh, abdominal, triceps, axillary trigger points
38 Comparative prospective short-term study on Effect of Electro-Acupuncture on thigh circumference Hyung-Suk Choi Unknown 40 m Unknown Thigh circumference Thigh 6 point, buttock 2 point trigger points
39 Effect of Electro-acupuncture on Regional Fat by Measuring Thigh Circumference Hwang Deoksang 1st, 25 Hz.
2nd, 50 Hz.
3rd, 166 Hz
1st, 50 m. 2nd, 10 m. 3rd, 15 m. Lipo-Dr (Da-U, Korea) Thigh circumference Thigh trigger points
40 MEMG Analysis on Antispastic Effect of Electroacupuncture and Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Cho Jaeheung 2 Hz 15 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Hemiplegia of stroke LI11, LI10. TE5, LI4
41 Change of muscle type of Vastus Lateralis and hormones response to electro-acupuncture and strengh exercise Jae-keun, Oh 50 Hz 30 m or 15 m Endomed 433 (Netherlands) Hemiplegia of stroke ST31, ST34
42 A Retrospective and Cross-sectional Study on Symptom Improvements in Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Patients Treated with Electro-acupuncture and Bee Venom Acupuncture Park Sunghwan 0.5 Hz 20 m DC 9V (Ito, Japan) Benign prostatic hyperplasia patients CV3–CV4, lower rectus abdominis trigger points, Adductor magnus trigger points
43 A Case Report of Patient with Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome Treated by Korean Medicine Treatment in Combination with Electro-acupuncture and Chuna Manual Treatment Lee Hyungeun 3 Hz 20 m ES-160 (Ito, Japan) Tarsal tunnel syndrome BL25–BL28
44 The Case Study of Diabetes Mellitus improved by Electroacupuncture Han Insun 3 Hz 20 m Unknown Diabetes mellitus CV12, ST25, CV13, ST24, ST26, ST36
45 Case Report of Oculomotor palsy patient treated with Electroacupuncture Jun Hyung-joon 4 Hz 20 m Unknown Oculomotor palsy BL2-GB37, GB14-HN4
46 Foream Muscle Strength Improvement After Electro Acupuncture Treatment Kim Se-hun 2 Hz 20 m Unknown Forearm muscle strength LI11, LI10, HT3, PC5, HT4, LI4, TE3
47 Case Report of Foot Drop Patient Treated with Electroacupuncture Hwang jung-su 2∼4 Hz 20 m Pulse Generato (Unknown) Foot drop ST34–ST36, SP10-KI6
48 A Clinical Study on the Case of Ophthalmoplegic Migraine Treated with Electroacupuncture Lyu Yunsun 2 Hz 20 m Unknown Ophthalmoplegic migraine GB8, LI4–LU7
49 Effects of Electroacupuncture on Parameters Related to Obesity in Adults with Abdominal Obesity: Three arm Randomized Single Blind Pilot Study Chung Jieyoun 24 Hz 30 m STN-111 (Stratek, Korea) Obesity in Adults with abdominal obesity CV12, CV6, ST25, SP15, SP14, LI4, LI11, ST36
50 Effects of Fixed-intensity and Varied-intensity Electroacupuncture in Pain and Sensory Threshold in Patients with Chronic Tension Headache Kwon Youjung 2 Hz 20 m ML180, AD (Instrument, Australia) Chronic tension Headache ST36–ST37
51 Effect of Electroacupuncture Stimulation on Heart Rate Variability in Healthy Adults Kim Min-su 2 Hz 20 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) HRV(healthy people) ST36–ST37(right)
52 Electroacupuncture and Ear Acupressure Therapy on Irritable Bowel Syndrome 21-case Min-A Kwak Unknown 30 m G6805-2 (Shanghai medical instruments high technology corp, China) Irritable bowel syndrome ST36–ST37, SP9, TE6
53 The Effect of Electro-acupuncture Stimulation of Tiaoko(S38)-Chengsan(B57) on Shoulder ROM with Frozen Shoulder Patient Kweon Ohhyun 5 Hz 15 m G6805-2 (Shanghai medical instruments high technology corp, China) Frozen shoulder ST38, BL57
54 The Effect of Electroacupuncture at the ST36 on the Electroencephalogram Park Jongkyu 80 Hz 10 m Cefar-Acus II (Hipoland, SWEDEN) EGG(healthy people) ST36(both)
55 Effect of ST36–ST41 Electro-acupuncture on Regional Cerebral Blood Flow in Normal Volunteers Evaluated by 99mTc-ECDSPECT Moon Sangkwan 2 Hz 15 m GFP-91 (Si-emui Co, Japan) Regional cerebral Blood ST36–ST41(right)
56 Antispastic Effects of Electroacupuncture, TENS and NMES in Stroke Patient Yong-Suk Kim 60 Hz 20 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Hemiplegia of stroke LI11–LI10, TE5-LI4
57 Which is More Effective for Elbow Spasticity after Stroke, the Electroacupuncture on Yin or Yang Meridians? Woo-Jin Sim 2 Hz 20 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Elbow spasticity after stroke HT3-PC6 LU03–LU05. LI11-TE5, LI10-LI4
58 The Influences of Electroacupuncture at Interosseous Muscle for Hand Function in Hemiplegic Patients after Stoke Min-Beom Kim 2 Hz 20 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Hemiplegic patients after stoke LI4, TE3, Palsa
59 The Effectiveness of Electroacupuncture Stimulateously Muscle Pattern Exercise for Gait Rehabilitation after Stroke You-Suk Youn 2 Hz 20 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Hemiplegia of stroke GB31-ST36, GB39-LR3
60 Effects of Electroacupuncture on the Hemiplegic Upper Extremity after Stroke Soonhyun Ryu 25∼50 Hz 20 m GFP-91 (GME, Japan) Hemiplegic upper Extremity Idiopathic LI11-LI10, TE5-LI4
61 Effect of Electroacupuncture on patients with Idiopathic Parkinson’s Disease Kang Mi-Kyeong 120 Hz 15 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Parkinson’s disease SI3-BL62(both)
62 Effect of Electroacupuncture Complex Therapy on Peripheral Facial Paralysis According to the Wave Forms Choi Chulhoon 3 Hz 15 m PG-306 (Ito, Japan) Peripheral facial paralysis BL02-TE23, ST4-ST6, ST7 -ST2
63 A Selective Effect of Combined Treatment of Electroacupuncture at Zusanli(ST36), Manual Acupuncture, and Pyengwi-san in Function Dyspepsia Patients with Pyloric Valve Disturbanceand Hypoactivity of Gastric Vagus Nerve Kim Soyeon 3 Hz 30 m PG-6 (Ito, Japan) Function dyspepsia ST36(both)
64 Effect of LI4–LI11 Electro-acupuncture on Regional Cerebral Blood Flow in Healthy Human - Evaluated by Ryu Jongman 2 Hz 15 m GFP-91 (Si-emui Co, Japan) Regional cerebral blood LI4–LI11(right)
65 One Case Report of Electroacupuncture Treatment at Hua-Tuo-Jia-Ji-Xue on Rib Fracture and Thoracic Compression Fracture Lee Jisu 2∼100 Hz 15 m Unknown Rib fracture and oracic compression fracture Hua-Tuo-Jia-Ji-Xue
66 A Case Report of Electroacupunctune on Patient with Facial Paralysis An Byeong-jun Unknown Unknown Unknown Facial paralysis ST4, ST6, LI4, ST36, SI18, GB14, LR3, Trigger points of Facial
67 Effect of Combined Silver Spike Point Therapy and Electroacupuncture on Patients with Peripheral Facial Paralysis Hwang Jihye 2 Hz 15 m SONOTRON PG H300N (Neomyth Corporation) Peripheral facial paralysis ST4–ST6, TE23-GB14, ST1-SI18 or ST2–SI18
68 Effect of Simple Acupuncture and Electro-acupuncture at BaiHui(GV20) on Heart Rate Variability in Healthy Adults with Stress Task Kim Jina 1 Hz 20 m OTS H-306 (Han-il, Korea) HRV(healthy people) GV20
69 Effect of Electroacupuncture on Quality of Life of Patients with Urinary Incontinence Ko Youngjin 2 Hz 20 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Urinary incontinence Both BL32
70 Three cases report about enuretic children treated with electro-acupuncture on Zhongji (CV3), Guanyuan(CV4) Oh Juyoung 4 Hz 20 m PG-306 (Suzuki, Japan) Nocturnal enuresis CV3–CV4

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30. Lyu YS, No DJ, Park JH, et al. A Clinical Study on the Case of Ophthalmoplegic Migraine Treated with Electroacupuncture. J of Oriental Neuropsychiatry. 2011;22(4):135–42.
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