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J Acupunct Res > Volume 30(5); 2013 > Article
Lee, Oh, Kim, Yu, Jang, Cho, Kim, Lee, Kim, and Kim: The Clinical Study about Qualitative and Quantitative Characteristics of Acupuncture Sensation According to the Type of Pharmacopuncture: Study about BUM Pharmacopuncture, Mountain Ginseng Pharmacopuncture and Sciatica No. 5 Pharmacopuncture
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Abstract

Objectives:

This study was designed to find out the differences of the acupuncture sensation by type of pharmacopuncture. And furthermore we try to find out whether normal saline(NS) is able to be constituted as an appropriate control group for the Calculus Bovis · Fel Ursi · Moschus(BUM) pharmacopuncture, mountain ginseng pharmacopuncture and sciatica no. 5 pharmacopuncture.

Methods:

NS and three type of pharmacopunctures were inserted into ST36, and ST37 of the subjects. Before and after the treatment, subjects completed a questionnaire rating the intensity of 13 kinds of acupuncture sensation(acupuncture sensation scale, ASS). We compared the subjective acupuncture sensation between the NS and three type of pharmacopunctures.

Results:

BUM pharmacopuncture showed significantly intense acupuncture sensation comparing other two pharmacopunctures and NS. There was no statistically significant difference among mountain ginseng pharmacopuncture, sciatica no. 5 pharmacopuncture and NS.

Conclusions:

We found that NS may be able to be an placebo pharmacopuncture for mountain ginseng pharmacopuncture and sciatica no. 5 pharmacopuncture. Additional study is needed for placebo pharmacopuncture of BUM pharmacopuncture.

Fig. 1.
Comparison of sum of acupuncture sensation scale items by type of pharmacopuncture
A : panax ginseng pharmacopuncture.
B : BUM pharmacopuncture.
C : sciatica No. 5 pharmacopuncture.
D : normal saline.
*: statistically significant by one-way ANOVA with Bonferroni(p<0.01).
**: statistically significant by one-way ANOVA with Bonferroni(p<0.05).
acupunct-30-5-3-f1.gif
Fig. 2.
Differences of acupuncture sensation scale by type of pharmacopuncture
A : panax ginseng pharmacopuncture.
B : BUM pharmacopuncture.
C : sciatica No. 5 pharmacopuncture.
D : normal saline.
*: statistically significant by one-way ANOVA with Bonferroni(p<0.01).
**: statistically significant by one-way ANOVA with Bonferroni(p<0.05).
acupunct-30-5-3-f2.gif
Fig. 3.
Comparison of acupuncture sensation by factor loading of acupuncture sensation scale items
A : panax ginseng pharmacopunctur.
B : BUM pharmacopuncture.
C : sciatica No. 5 pharmacopuncture.
D : normal saline.
*: statistically significant by one-way ANOVA with Bonferroni(p<0.05).
acupunct-30-5-3-f3.gif
Table 1.
Factor Loadings of Acupuncture Sensation Scale Items
Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3
Soreness 0.9196
Deep pressure 0.9219
Fullness/distention 0.9746
Throbbing 0.9613
Other 0.9546
Heaviness 0.6029
Dull pain 0.9114
Warmth 0.9430
Aching 0.6321
Tingling 0.5662
Sharp pain 0.5447
Eigen value 7.67403 2.48023 1.69547
Variance 7.08128 2.44880 2.31965
Cumulative variance 0.5447 0.7331 0.9115
Table 2.
Presence of Acupuncture Sensation by 13 Types of Acupuncture Sensation Scale Items and Type of Pharmacopuncture C(E)
A B C D p-value
Soreness 12(15.5) 20(15.5) 15(15.5) 15(15.5)
Aching 10(17.3) 23(17.3) 19(17.3) 17(17.3) 0.011*
Deep pressure 11(12.5) 16(12.5) 13(12.5) 10(12.5)
Heaviness 16(15.8) 21(15.8) 16(15.8) 10(15.8)
Fullness/distention 9(12.3) 16(12.3) 14(12.3) 10(12.3)
Tingling 16(20.8) 25(20.8) 21(20.8) 21(20.8)
Numbness 10(9.0) 11(9.0) 7(9.0) 8(9.0)
Sharp pain 11(13.8) 16(13.8) 15(13.8) 13(13.8)
Dull pain 12(15.3) 22(15.3) 15(15.3) 12(15.3) 0.039*
Warmth 6(9.0) 11(9.0) 10(9.0) 9(9.0)
Cold 6(7.8) 8(7.8) 9(7.8) 8(7.8)
Throbbing 10(12.5) 17(12.5) 14(12.5) 9(12.5)
Other 2(2.8) 3(2.8) 2(2.8) 4(2.8)
Factor 1 16(18.8) 24(18.8) 20(18.8) 15(18.8)
Factor 2 17(18.5) 24(18.5) 18(18.5) 15(18.5)
Factor 3 17(22.8) 28(22.8) 23(22.8) 23(22.8) 0.028*

A : panax ginseng pharmacopuncture.

B : BUM pharmacopuncture.

C : sciatica No. 5 pharmacopuncture.

D : normal saline.

*: analyzed by x2 test(p<0.05. significant). C : Count. E : Expected.

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