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J Acupunct Res > Volume 30(4); 2013 > Article
Yoon and Lee: The Effects of Sa-Am Spleen-tonifying Acupuncture on Radial Pulse in Healthy Human Subjects
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Abstract

Objectives :

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of Sa-Am spleen-tonifying acupuncture on radial pulse in healthy human subjects.

Methods :

Forty healthy human subjects participated in this study, divided into acupuncture group and control group. Radial pulse was measured by 3 dimensional pulse imaging system(DMP-3000) before, right after, 30 minutes after and 60 minutes after acupuncture in the acupuncture group. The subjects in the control group didn’t received acupuncture but took a rest and then the radial pulse was measured at the same time points as the acupuncture group. The parameters were analyzed by gender, measuring location, and measuring time point. However the time related parameters exceptionally were analyzed without distinction of measuring location.

Results :

  1. T, variance of period, T2/T, T4/T, (T-T4)/T, T4/(T-T4), and W significantly changed after acupuncture.

  2. Pressure, amplitude of H1, amplitude of H2, Amplitude of H4 and pulse energy significantly changed after acupuncture.

  3. Pulse area, systolic pulse area and diastolic pulse area significantly changed after acupuncture.

  4. Elasticity, AIx and AIx/HR significantly changed after acupuncture.

Conclusions :

The effect of Sa-Am spleen-tonifying acupuncture in healthy human may be observed on time, amplitude, pulse area and augmentation index. Further studies on the effects of Sa-Am acupuncture using radial pulse are needed.

Fig. 1.
Radial pulse waveforms obtained with 5 levels of applied pressure
Scale on y-axis means div(digital value for pressure).
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f1.jpg
Fig. 2.
Normal radial pulse wave form
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f2.gif
Fig. 3.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupuncture on pulse period
Healthy subjects were given Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupuncture.
Radial pulse was measured using 3 dimensional pulse imaging system before, right after, 30 minutes after and 60 minutes after acupuncture and pulse period was analyzed.
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=60).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by student t-test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f3.gif
Fig. 4.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupuncture on pulse period
Healthy subjects were given Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupuncture.
Radial pulse was measured using 3 dimensional pulse imaging system before, right after, 30 minutes after and 60 minutes after acupuncture and variance of pulse period was analyzed.
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=60).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by student t-test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f4.gif
Fig. 5.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupuncture on T2/T of radial pulse wave
Healthy subjects were given Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupuncture. Radial pulse was measured using 3 dimensional pulse imaging system before, right after, 30 minutes after and 60 minutes after acupuncture and T2/T of representative pulse was analyzed.
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=60).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by student t-test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f5.gif
Fig. 6.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupuncture on T4/T of radial pulse wave
Healthy subjects were given Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupuncture. Radial pulse was measured using 3 dimensional pulse imaging system before, right after, 30 minutes after and 60 minutes after acupuncture and T4/T of representative pulse was analyzed.
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=60).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by student t-test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f6.gif
Fig. 7.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupunctur on (T-T4)/T of radial pulse wave
Healthy subjects were given Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupuncture. Radial pulse was measured using 3 dimensional pulse imaging system before, right after, 30 minutes after and 60 minutes after acupuncture and (T-T4)/T of representative pulse was analyzed.
Data were expressed as mean ± SD (n=60).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by student t-test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f7.gif
Fig. 8.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupunctur on T4/(T-T4) of radial pulse
Healthy subjects were given Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupunctu. Radial pulse was measured using 3 dimensional pulse imaging system before, right after, 30 minutes after and 60 minutes after acupuncture and T4/(T-T4) of representative pulse was analyzed.
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=60).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by Student t-test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f8.gif
Fig. 9.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupunctur on W of radial pulse
Healthy subjects were given Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupunctur. Radial pulse was measured using 3 dimensional pulse imaging system before, right after, 30 minutes after and 60 minutes after acupuncture and W of representative pulse was analyzed.
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=60).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by student t-test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f9.gif
Fig. 10.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupunctur on the pressure applied for acquisition of tepresentative pulse
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=10).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
L1 : left Cun. L2 : left Guan. L3 : left Chi.
R1 : right Cun. R2 : right Guan. R3 : right Chi..
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by Mann Whitney U test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f10.gif
Fig. 11.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupunctur on on H1 of radial pulse
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=10).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
L1 : left Cun. L2 : left Guan. L3 : left Chi.
R1 : right Cun. R2 : right Guan. R3 : right Chi.
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by Mann Whitney U test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f11.gif
Fig. 12.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupunctur on H2 of radial pulse
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=10).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
L1 : left Cun. L2 : left Guan. L3 : left Chi.
R1 : right Cun. R2 : right Guan. R3 : right Chi.
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by Mann Whitney U test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f12.gif
Fig. 13.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupunctur on H4 of radial pulse
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=10).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
L1 : left Cun. L2 : left Guan. L3 : left Chi.
R1 : right Cun. R2 : right Guan. R3 : right Chi.
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by Mann Whitney U test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f13.gif
Fig. 14.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupunctur on pulse energy
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=10).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
L1 : left Cun. L2 : left Guan. L3 : left Chi.
R1 : right Cun. R2 : right Guan. R3 : right Chi.
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by Mann Whitney U test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f14.gif
Fig. 15.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupunctur on pulse area
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=10).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
L1 : left Cun. L2 : left Guan. L3 : left Chi.
R1 : right Cun. R2 : right Guan. R3 : right Chi.
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by Mann Whitney U test..
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f15.gif
Fig. 16.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupunctur on systolic pulse area
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=10).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
L1 : left Cun. L2 : left Guan. L3 : left Chi.
R1 : right Cun. R2 : right Guan. R3 : right Chi.
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by Mann Whitney U test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f16.gif
Fig. 17.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupunctur on diastolic pulse area
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=10).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
L1 : left Cun. L2 : left Guan. L3 : left Chi.
R1 : right Cun. R2 : right Guan. R3 : right Chi.
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by Mann Whitney U test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f17.gif
Fig. 18.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupunctur on radial elasticity
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=10).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
L1 : left Cun. L2 : left Guan. L3 : left Chi.
R1 : right Cun. R2 : right Guan. R3 : right Chi.
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by Mann Whitney U test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f18.gif
Fig. 19.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupunctur on AIx
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=10).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
L1 : left Cun. L2 : left Guan. L3 : left Chi.
R1 : right Cun. R2 : right Guan. R3 : right Chi..
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by Mann Whitney U test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f19.gif
Fig. 20.
Effect of Sa-Am spleen tonifying acupunctur on AIx/HR
Data were expressed as mean ± SD(n=10).
□ : control group, acupunct-30-4-1-1-i1.gif : acupuncture group.
L1 : left Cun. L2 : left Guan. L3 : left Chi.
R1 : right Cun. R2 : right Guan. R3 : right Chi.
* : p<0.05 compared to control group by Mann Whitney U test.
acupunct-30-4-1-1-f20.gif

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