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J Acupunct Res > Volume 32(4); 2015 > Article
Kim, Jeong, Yoon, Lee, Shin, Kwon, Joo, Lee, and Park: A Comparison of the Effect of Shinbaro Pharmacopuncture and Jakyakgamcho Decoction Pharmacopuncture Treatments in Patients with Low Back Pain Caused by Traffic Accidents: A Retrospective, Case Series Observational Study

Abstract

Objectives:

This study was designed to compare the effect of Shinbaro pharmacopuncture treatment and Jakyakgamcho Decoction pharmacopunture treatment in patients with low back pain caused by traffic accidents.

Methods:

This study was conducted on 64 cases of patients with low back pain caused by traffic accidents, who were admitted to Bucheon Jaseng Hospital of Korean Medicine from May 3rd, 2015 to October 31th, 2015. The patients were divided into two groups: Shinbaro pharmacopuncture treatment group and Jakyakgamcho Decoction pharmacopunture treatment group. We measured the efficacy of treatment with a numerical rating scale(NRS) and Oswestry disability index(ODI). The NRS which was checked at pretretment and after 4th and 8th treatments, and the ODI which was checked at pre-treatment and after 8th treatment were collected and analyzed.

Results:

In both Shinbaro and Jakyakgamcho Decoction group, NRS and ODI decreased significantly. However there was no statistically significant difference between the groups. At the 4th treatment, However, the Jakyakgamcho Decoction group showed a greater decrease in NRS with a statistically significant difference.

Conclusions:

In a short period of time, Jakyakgamcho Decoction Pharmacopuncture is more efficient than Shinbaro pharmacopuncture in reducing the pain of patients with low back pain caused by trafficic accidents, but in the end there is no statistically significant difference between the groups.

Table 1
The General Charateristics of Patients
Characteristics Group A* (n = 33) Group B (n = 31) p-value
Gender(M/F) 10/23 19/12
Age(yrs) 42.48±12.17 39.32±9.73 0.254
NRS 6.45±1.03 6.54±1.09 0.725
ODI 30.42±3.09 30.48±3.79 0.945

Values are means±SD.

Statistical significance was evaluated by independent two samples t-test.

* Shinbaro pharmacopuncture group.

Jakyakgamcho Decoction pharmacopuncture group.

NRS: numerical rating scale.

ODI: oswestry disability index.

Table 2
Low back Pain NRS and ODI of the Shinbaro Pharmacopuncture Group at Each Follow-up Point
Follow-up Point p-value
Pre-treatment After 4th treatment After 8th treatment
NRS 6.45±1.03 4.76±1.14 3.33±1.08 p*<0.01
p<0.01
p<0.01
ODI 30.42±3.09 20.83±5.07 p<0.01

Values are means±SD.

Statistical significance was evaluated by paired sample t-test.

* p-value between pre tretment and after 4th treatment’s NRS.

p-value between pre tretment and after 8th treatment’s NRS.

p-value between after 4th tretment and after 8th treatment’s NRS.

NRS: numerical rating scale.

ODI: oswestry disability index.

Table 3
Low back pain NRS and ODI of the Jakyakgamcho Decoction Pharmacopuncture Group at Each Follow-up Point
Follow-up Point p-value
Pre-treatment After 4th treatment After 8th treatment
NRS 6.54±1.09 4.32±0.75 3.45±0.89 p*<0.01
p<0.01
p<0.01
ODI 30.48±3.79 20.88±3.16 p<0.01

Values are means±SD.

Statistical significance was evaluated by paired sample t-test.

* p-value between pre tretment and after 4th treatment’s NRS.

p-value between pre tretment and after 8th treatment’s NRS.

p-value between after 4th tretment and after 8th treatment’s NRS.

NRS: numerical rating scale.

ODI: oswestry disability index.

Table 4
The Comparison on Low Back pain NRS and ODI Decrement between Shinbaro and Jakyakgamcho Decoction Pharmacopuncture Group
Group A* Group B p-value
NRS decrement Pre to 8th treatment 3.12±1.27 3.10±1.22 0.938
Pre to 4th treatment§ 1.70±1.02 2.22±0.99 0.039
ODI decrement Pre to 8th treatment 9.54±1.82 9.65±4.01 0.898

Values are means±SD.

Statistical significance was evaluated by independent two samples t-test.

* Shinbaro pharmacopuncture group.

Jakyakgamcho Decoction pharmacopuncture group.

From pre treatment to 8th treatment.

§ From pre treatment to 4th treatment.

NRS: numerical rating scale.

ODI: oswestry disability index.

VI.
VI.

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