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J Acupunct Res > Volume 32(2); 2015 > Article
Published online June 20, 2015.
Acupuncture and Moxibustion for Primary Dysmenorrhea in Korean Literatures: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials
Jung Wan Kim1, Bong Ki Park2, Jong Ik Jeon1, Yun Kyoung Yim1,*
1Department of Meridian & Acupoint, College of Korean Medicine, Daejeon University
2Department of Internal Immune Center, Daejeon Korean Medicine Hospital, Daejeon University
*Corresponding author.
Yun Kyoung Yim
Tel: +82-42-280-2610   Email:
Objectives : Primary dysmenorrhea is one of the most common female gynecological diseases. Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy have been used to treat dysmenorrhea in Korea. The aim of this review was to examine the effectiveness of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy for primary dysmenorrhea as described in studies in Korea.

Methods : A total of 8 databases were searched, with the search concluding February 15, 2015. These were the Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System, DBpia, Korean Studies Information Service System, National Digital Science Library, Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal, Research Information Sharing Service, and Pubmed. Randomized controlled Trails(RCTs) comparing acupuncture or moxibustion therapy with non acupoints stimulation or medication were selected. Data abstraction and assessment of methodology was conducted by authors and disagreements were resolved by discussion.

Results : 7 trials were included in this review, with a total of 308 participants. 4 trials reported on acupuncture, 1 trial reported on acupress by magnet, 1 trial reported on pharmacopuncture, and the other trial reported on moxibustion. Quality of methodology was low. 2 trials showed that experimental therapy was effective for pain relief compared to the controlled group. However, 5 trials did not show a significant difference in pain relief.

Conclusions : Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy may reduce period pain, however, it is needed for well designed RCTs in Korea.
Keywords: Primary dysmenorrhea; Acupuncture; Moxibustion; Korean medicine; Traditional east Asia medicine

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